How You Coach
When considering how you coach, it is important to consider the following:
Context - what environment are you working? Who are the participants? What level are the participants working within? What age are the participants?
Your Coaching Philosophy - your personal values and beliefs
Differentiation - do certain players require different approaches? How will you meet the individual needs of your player?
There is two main coaching approaches that may be adopted by a coach, these being:
Democratic (player centred) approach that includes players within the decision making process.
Autocratic (coach centred) approach that doesn't include players in the decision making process.
Coaching behaviours refer to how the coach acts within the coaching environment. These behaviours can range from using different types of questioning to the use of demonstrations to visualise a desired skill. The use of coach behaviours can influence the environment created and impact upon the players development therefore it is important coaches have an understanding of how they are conducting themselves.
Within a democratic and autocratic approach to coaching, the following styles may be used:
Trial and Error
Observation and Feedback
Question and Answer